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Full text of "Superintendents of the Yellowstone National Parks Monthly Report, March 1920"

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\ r c h f 
1 9 2 u. 





I, General Conditions i 

II, Personnel 3 

III, Work Completed 6 

IV, Work in Progress 6 

V. Work Begun. 7 

VI, Plans or Proposed Work 7 

VII, Policies 7 

VIII, Cost of Operation.. 7 

IX, Other Hatters of Interest.... 8 

Wild Animals 8 

Birds 11 

Fishes 12 

Seasonal Changes 

Arrests & Violations of Law 12 

Forest Fires 

Accidents and Casualties,.. 12 

Medical Services 

Natural Phenomena. 

Special Visitors 12 

Motion Pictures 13 

Miscellaneous . , 13 

X, Receipts and Remittances 13 

C . a . L . 






April 9 t 1920. 

Dear Sir: 

The following is ny report on conditions in Yellow- 
stone National Parte, and on the operation of the pane, for 
the month of :iarch, 1920: 

fl£»3!Al CONDITION: 

The most remarkable feature of the month* s weather 
was the cold wave of the 5th-6th, with a minimum temperature 
of 25 degrees beloer sero on the morning of the 6th. This is 
the lowest liaroh temperature on record daring 36 years; the 
previous lowest, -£4 degrees, was recorded in 1906* The 
temperature as a whole averaged 3 degrees below normal* 

The tots! snowfall was 20,0 inches, equal to 1 # 95 
inches of water, or a little sore snow than for the average 
March, but a deficiency of ,23 inches of water* There were 
17 days with a measurable amount of snowfall, and the record 
shows but one March with a greater number of days with snow, 
that being 18 days in 1907. The depth of snow on the ground 
at the end of the month, 18,6 inches, is the greatest in the 
March record except 24*5 inches in 1917. 

The total wind movement was slightly below Wf zm*, 
but the maximum velocity of 40 miles per hour recorded on the 
30th has been exceeded but once in March, but it has been 
equaled three tiroes. 

The sunshine was deficient, being only 46;? of 
the possible. 

The monthly Meteorological swnary, furnished by 
the local U. S. leather Bureau, is inclosed. 

As a whole, the weather conditions that prevailed 
throughout the month were not favorable to the wild aninals, 
and the feeding of hay had to be kept up throughout the month. 

The following shows the depth of snow at various 
stations in the park at the en& of -arch. For comparison, 


column 2 gives the de th of sno.v at some of the stations 
en January 31, and eoltna 3 gives the esse data for March 21, 
1917, a season that waa late and when there waa much diffi- 
culty in opening the roads in tirae for the beginning of the 
tourist season. It will be seen that the depth of snow in- 
oreaaed remarkably between January 51 and Uaroh 31, bat it 
happened that several inches of this fell daring the last 
days in Uareh and waa quite light when it waa measured, and 
this has settled a lot sinee the end of i'aroh. These figures 
indicate that the opening of the roads for tourist travel bob/ 
be expensive and difficult, although this depends largely 
the eendltions in pril; 

LflJa Hanger Station 

Snake liver Hanger station 

Sylvan aa» Ranger Station 

Soda Batte Ranger Station 

lower Falls Hanger Station 

Buffalo Fan 

Canyon Ranger station 

Harris Ranger Station 

Upper Basin Ranger station 

Riverside Hajsjer Station 


Gallatin Ranger Station 





64 iiu 

54*5 in* 

50 in. 

73 ■ 

49 ■ 

5T * 

Wf * 

&2 ' 

22 in. 

29 ■ 

20 in. 

25 ■ 

u ■ 

14.5 ■ 

70 ■ 

52 in. 

54 ■ 

20 in. 

70 in. 

70 ■ 

45 ■ 

60 • 

a> in. 


54 ■ 

m ■ 

48 ■ 


19 ' 

8«6 In. 

24.5 ■ 

oo •* 

Gardiner Banger Station -tf 


The road from Gardiner to Headquarters waa open for 
motor travel throughout the zaonth, and the road from Head- 
quarters to the northeast earner (Cootas City entrance) was 
open for pasaage of light vehicles dream by horses throughout 
the month. Otherwise the roads were blociced wltfc snow to an 
extent that they could not be used and travel waa practicable 
only on tikis or snowshoes. Kloven people entered the parte 
at the northern entrance, but these were principally en 
business to Mammoth and could hardly be classed as tourists* 
The Chief Banker's travel report is inclosed herewith. 

A few laborers and carpenters required by the 
Transportation Company and the Camps Company were secured in 
the immediate vioinity at the same wages as paid last year. 

About the only supplies needed was bay <*? feedlas? 
wild animals, which was delivered under a previous contract 
from Yakima, * ashix*arton, oo sting for baled alfalfa hay of 
first ouality 3U21 par ton delivered at Gardiner, I£ontana« 
Also a carload of oo&l for general use at Headquarters, which 
was purchased uader circular proposal for i$.35 par ton at 
the miss at Brldgar, Montana* which the bidder stated was 
sold at a loss to him, hat was the price fixed by the Owvera- 

On Eareh 1st there were 55 smployees on duty trader 
this office in the park, and no ehaqge in number was naade 
during the month of &aroh. Below is given a Hat of the naraber 
of employees serving under appointment • with a general sta te- 
nant of the Kind of work pertained by each class: 

Jfc SXSMx Bnfl Of *QT% PtrftFWi» 

1 Aast* £a&lneer Office eiglneesripg. 


1 Blacksmith General blaokanith work* Shoe- 

trig draft animals asd rather 
saddle horses, said aver heal ing 
tools and equipment. 

5 Clerics 1 disbursing agent and pur- 

chasing clerk; 1 on orders, pro- 
posals and vouchers; 1 stenogra- 
pher, files and revenues; 1 on 
payrolls end ttoekaeplog; 1 en 
cost accounting and in charge 
of storehouse* At edd aemnts 
clerks assisted Kasger Skinner 
in indaxiJg library, and tabu- 
lating notes on wild aclasis, 
birds, and other data relating 
to the establishment of the pro- 
posed museum* 

In charge of all transportation 
including shops and garage* 

1 in charge of power plant who 
operated and did necessary line 
workf £ assi stents who operated 
regular shifts including Sundays. 


Steward and faster 
of ^transportation. 


Ho . Class * 

1 Buffalo Keeper 

1 Asst. Bflo* Keeper 

1 Foreman 


In charge of tazae buffalo hard, 
feeding and earing for then, 

iatant to Buffalo Xeeper. 

In charge of stables, and spent 

iaost of nonth In shop repairing tents aaad 

harness for next eeasen f s wortc. 

1 Lineaasn 

In charge construction work* 
oriaad ell month repairing and 
remodeling buildings at Head- 

vorked in storehouse issuing supplied 
to families and rangers, corrals, etc., 
and sorting oror, asking and straight- 
ening up storehouses* 

In charge ef telephone system* did emer- 
gency work and installed instruments. 
Also ran light truck hauling freight 
or eotares3 fro* Railroad to Headquarters 
when net otherwise 


1 Master Mechanic 


1 Attonobile Mechanic 


I F lumber 

1 Painter 

1 l?eleigraph Operator 

1 telephone Operator 

1 Laborer 

Watchman at Headquarters. Made hourly 
patrols for fire at night 9 and leapt 
fires up and cleaned up Headquarters 
building, worked dally including Sun- 

On regular annual leave of absence. 

Worked on autacaobila and track repairs. 

In charge of general plumbing at Head- 
quarter a* 

Eesovatcd employees quarters at Head- 

Sent and received v, estera Union tele- 
grarasj also put in regular shift as a 
switchboard operator, seren days a week. 

Operated telephone switchboard. 

Miscellaneous work at headquarters. 
On leave Z (noon) to 51 (noon). 

[fit* iiftM- 

1 Chief Ranker 

la oharge of ranger force 

3 Ant. Chief Happen 

ssisting Chief Raider. < 

One In charge 
of southern dletrlet; two assisting 
with feeding wild animals, 

6 let elaes park rangers In charge of ranger stations* on duty 

In Chief Bangor f e Office, patrol duty 
In the park protecting wild animals, 
and feeding wild animals. 

18 Park Hangers Ditto. ileo one on 

duty, protecting wild anlnals In Gallatin 
Game Reserve adjoining the park on 
the north. 

In addition to the regular employee* listed above, 
the fallowing were employed temporarily! 

Bngiacnsn, assisting with repairs 
to motor Tehiclee, 

Teamster, general work at Head- 
quarters, In stables, hauling 
supplies, etc., 


fcwTi ■ gr 

During .arch annaal leaves were granted as follows t 

!• J. lness, park ranger, 1st to 6th; 6 days* 

£• Ls Stinnett, master mechanic, 1st to 22nd; 19 days. 

W# Madison, laborer, 3 (noon) to 31 (noon); 24 days. 

. i Burney, -sst# engineer, 1st to 13th; 12 days* 
L. M. Mac Rae, Clerk, 1st to 9th; 6 days* 

. :i. Edwin, Clerk, 15th to 27th; II days. 
!• H# Pendell, Clerk, 16th to 20th; 5 days. 
C. 0. Lauer, Clerk, 6th and 13th; 2 days, 
a. P. Dustman, Park Ranger, 27th to 51st; 4 days. 
Chester a. Lindsley, Assistant Supt., 27th be 31st; 4 days* 
B. L# Stinnett, Master Mechanic, (without pay) 23rd to 31st; 9 days. 

John Delrcar, Steward & Master of £ran*>ortation, 
v 1690 per annum, effective March 16, 1920, terminating temporary 
appointment in same camacity. 


flhere were no separations from the service durli^ 
the month* 

1 Assistant Chief Raider. 

(a) gtanarMttm trf f hvilml 

Inasmuch as everything was on a winter basis, at 

construction work was engaged in daring the month. 

(b) ^V^TTHM! and liooair of ihyalaal Tw T fflf m Mtf 

the only work dona on ths roads daring tho month 
was slight repaire on tba Mamma th-Oardiner road, clearing 
out fallan rooks and draining off watar from malting snows. 

(o) IffiCTTOTffnlff tiY QftflQftiitofltri- 

No improvements wara completed hy eonoass lonsrs 
daring tha month, and tat little was in progress. 

(d) siolaft M jhfc£afeUt« 

Due to the fact that there wara no visitors of any 
consequence, this feature was unimportant. 


Mr. Is H. Hiohols, of tha Yellowatone Park: iJrans- 
portation Con mxy. rial tad tha parte and brought with him a 
foreman mechanic on March 6th 9 and em March 16th eeveral 
mechanics began worlc for this ooa uwy, moving their autonobile 
repair m\op to new quarters and beginning tha work of over- 
hauling motor vehicle s on a Urge scale. This work is still 
In progress and will be until the opening of the park season. 

?he Yellowstone ± ark Hotel Compaq? aid nothing 
oept to get in a few carloads of coal for next Banner's use. 

She Yellowstone < ark Gamps Company also increased 
its force at Mammoth Camp, the latter part of arch, and have 
several man engaged in making improvements in the cesrp, tear- 
ing down the present tents, dhieh are to be moved to the Lake 
Gamp, which will be rebuilt this spring, and replacing than 
with new tents with asbestos tops, and rearranging them to 
conform to a general plan for a new camp at 


Oar shop force was engaged in overhauling trucks 
and motor oars, keeping in repair those in use for hauling' 
hay for elk which was quite en item, as the roads were ted 
and the work was hard on the trucks. The work in the shops 
was handicapped again by the absence of the shop foreman and 
one of the mechanics much of the time on account of sickness. 

?he stable foreman finished overhauling the harness, 
and has since been engaged in repairing tents for use in the 
construction woife in the park* He has made good progress, y 

bat there is maeh of this m*fk yet to be accomplished, 

▼. ;qrk BSOOH. 

Ho new work was begun durlqr the month, exaert the 
re >airs of a small frame house at Headquarters to furnish 
quarters for employees. A snail addition is being built to 
house a bath tub and toilet which are being: put in by regular 
employees with but very little additional cost for supplies 
which were not already on hand. Dhie wortc is still in progress. 


In addition to continuing the work in progress as 
noted above, it is proposed during April to engage a nail 
crew and send an engineer and foreman to take charge, to build 
a timber and stone crib to protect a bridge across Elk Fork I 

In the East Forest Reserve against high water. ?his work is 
provided for by a special deficiency appropriation of ^-3000, 
and it seems desirable to get it done before high water which 
night destroy the abutments of the bridge* She details of 
hew this work Is to be accomplished are new being worked out* 


Ho new policies were adopted during the month. 


2he operating costs consisted principally of 
salaries of regular employees and the costs incident to feed- 
ing the wild animals, as are shown on the cost reports for 
March. Shese reports are being mailed to Superintendent 
Albright at Berkeley, California, for his perusal before they 
ere transmitted to the Service. 

$he ranger force made regular patrols for protection 
of wild animals, patrolled the gams preserve in the State of 
Men tana located west of the Yellowstone Hirer outside of the 
park in the Gallatin Forest, and assisted in the care of the 
buffalo herd. Uheir principal and most important work, hew- 


ever, consisted to the special core an* foodie of the aUc, 
deer, antelope and mountain sheep near the northern entrance 
of the iwlq disposing of tho»e that died* aapertntendUav 
the capture of those elk that Tiers skipped to other par 
and rarest and feeding the surplus horse* now being wintered 
en hay at Headquarter* ♦ Gonaiderrible tima waa alee devoted 
by the ranger farce assisting the renressatative of the 
Chee tar-Oat ing Manring Picture Company of 3?ejr Yoi»fr in ftttt) 
pietrarea of wild animals and the tane buffalo in the vicinity 
of Head<goartera» 

Assistant Chief Ranger Smith has been in charge of 
the special work a* Gardiner aiaee r&rch 20th# 

Ranger Sfctaaer made good progreaa in hla worfc of 
collecting data for our library and lauseam, and waa assisted 
in cataloguing and transcribing of his noted m aniroals and 
birds lag clerics in the off iee when their services could be 
spared from other wor&# 

fhe buffalo loaepcr and hia assistant were engaged 
in earing for the tsone buffalo herd at the baffalo farm and 
on Slough CreeSu '£he hay supply wae exhausted on Slough 
Orotic oa ttartih 25th, and wit* the help of fire ranger a* the 
steers and balls of the hard that had been fed there were 
brought in to Headquarters where hap is being fed to ear~7 them 
through the winter* 


Wild yalmla * 

lie the weather which was a lightly more severe 
than normal in $areh was not especial^* encouraging in vies? 
of the run derail condition of onr aatms&a, we were able to con- 
tinue the feeding of hay to the elJc* dear, antelope and 
mountain aheep in the immediate vicinity of Keadqoarters and 
Gardiner, and the situation has not as yet become serious. 
If^wam weather ooaes by the middle of the m^tth so the 
aafcoals can get subsistence ffeta the raa^e, the less will 
net be great, and since IgHS 1st the conditions hare been 

During March 185 tons of hay were fed near Gardiner 
to about 2000 elk, 250 antelope, 300 deer, and 11 mountain 
sheep* At Eeadquartera 31 tone were fed to about 000 el& and 
50 deer. Aa will be noted, the nanfcer rcuainisg on the feed 
grounds at Headquarters waa abtrat the saiss as for February, 
but at Gardiner it was only about half the eame namber, as 
of the stronger animals went hade to the hilla and did 

net eoraa down again. 

fluff alft» * llM £££&• £here »ore no report* are 
ceived of wild buffalo during tslie oonth, and their raqge 
not vi sited* 

laffalo* - Jfiffift £§£&» Slioro wre 40? aninals la 
this herd on March let, and there nee one yaarliqg ball found. 
dead at the mouth of Blaeitail Deer Creek on Tellowctone 
Biver during* the month, lowing a total of 4d$ at present, 
The body and skin were so badly smiled fy* oeyotes as to be 
worthless. She coes in the laain herd are sho^i?^ eigne of 
ealriEff MMi rhia herd isi'as divided and art of the© fed at 
the buffalo farm and part at Slough Creek until ifereh 25th, 
when the hay was all gone at Slocgfc Oreefc, and the aaimals 
that had been fed there were tak*n to the farm, where the 
herd was a&oln divided, sad 127 of the balls and steers were 
brought to Headquarters where hay that wae in storage for 
other worfc has einee been fed, Jhls step was necessary i* 
order to hare the supply of hay at the farm hold oat for the 
cows and yourif animals which are still boiag fed there* Inhere 
are new 225 animals at the farm, and the balance of the herd - 
a few eld Mile - are scattered in various places, naraely 
7 bolls at Uower Falls, 6 on Slough Greo&, 15 &lo^» the Yellow- 
stone River, 3 en Lamar River, and the bal&nee am mostly along 
the road between Headquarters and the far*. Sane of these 
were left daring the drive to Mnaaoth, which took tee days 
dae to deep snour, took the services of the deeper and f5vc 
rangers, sad proved to be a isost ardnour taa&. One horse 
had to be killed on account of a broken leg, dire to the deep 
drifts which were encountered* Xt baa required 7 tons of hay 
to feed this part of the herd since they were brought it, and 
79 tons were fed at Slough Oreeac and the Buffalo Para during 
the month* 

Bear tracks were seen at Headquarters on 
Earch ZZr&+ end two bears sere seen outside of the ?*ar*:, 
rt&MBt JVmtana. Ho signs of bears have been reported from 

the upper parfe* 

ffipf?r« About 280 <L&w were fed during the month, 
but a&ay did not cone in for hey* loe dead ones were fbund 
noad the feeding grounds at Oardiaer, and two died near Head- 
quarters, all apparently from natural causes, Thm deer arc 
still leoMsg f&irly well, but they, like the eDc, are beginning 
to shew the effects of the long winter. 

Antelope. She antelope seemed to be standing the 
severe winter as well, if not better, than the elk and deer* 
About 250 were fed, a few still ranged outside of the park 
near Electric, Montana* One died near Gardiner from natural 


JHfc. She clic are &>ldii%- their cam fully ad ;wll 
as *>''iH be ea£>eeted undor thu aevtx v ^ winter ounditioiis of 
Karc!i f though they are showing the effects of the long hard 
wist wrffiaftSBl fbod, «*** &amv*tiy speaking they 

Mi in poor condition a* ooH%)ai>ed winjh dovuml winters, the 
feeding was fcept up as seemed neeeusar*, in proportion to the 
nanibei'e that frequented the Yir.inity of the food grounds, 
with due consideration to the conservation ox nay t&at it 
might last through the foodie seaeou. |M cona *ere fed at 
Gardiaer and 31 ton* at Headquarters, ooatly to to* elfc, the 
racafoer taking the hay varying during *he amtn IMS JU300 to 
2BQ0. A total of 49 elk, cows and calves died at the iftomoth 
feeding grounds during March, ax& 225, also mostly cows and 
calves, died at the Gardiner feeding grounds, ihoee that re- 
mained farther up on the range eeemed to have fared better, 
ae tat fee dead ones are reported, *nis ie probably dae to 
the fact that ealy the strong oa*« remained shore and net to 
the su/*ply of formre tfhiek they nave oad« 

Beports indieate that the Oallatin herd of ells: are 
wintering veil* Ho reports were reoeived of the southern 
herd during toe auonth, 

X sin unofficially inferaed that the proposition of 
the B< ■• Biological Survey aua the itorest Service to assist 
in ftwot&m the el* heras in and adjacent to the par it has 
kMB ^sjo&oned on account of the resignation of ceoe of tne 
officials tf *• forest Service aad lack oi* sufficient assist- 
ance to do this extra wortu In the eaee of tin* northern herd, 
hewwver, it is possible that the rangers of the forest Service 
wfao have beea eseaged on the apseial wor* of protecting the 
elk outside of the pari: in the Abaaroka national forest, in 
cooperation with our park racers, may he able to aa&e a care- 
ful estimate of the mashers, without going M the exncnse of 
a a&rafui count* 

Sfcianaat of ela. ffinaty-eighfc elk, - 10 tails and 
8&?ic«JS, - all feiQ and shiree-year-olda, *ore shipped to 
Jazpe? i-aste, Canada, by the Canadian Oavariraent Paries j)epart- 
meat an jdU Jsiieven §i uieue died enroate. One male 

aad one feiaale elk were shi ped by express, erated, to the 
Agricultural ikeporijacat Station of the atatc, at ooaora, 
fexas, on Jiartfh £8th, to replace toss that died earoute on 
their ehipnisat of ?ebraarytaoL i-ws aaale elk «rere shipped to 
Ssa Antonio, Zens, on March Sod* She advisability of dipping 
elk so late in the season is questionable, tat is probably 
warranted under the unusual conditions of this season, as it 
wa& he the means of saving a few animals that might otherwise 
dle« Shore are tat one or two possible shipwents in view. 

Mountain Sheas* Bleven mountain sheep were f*d 


with the elk In Gardiner Caxyou. "They seem to be In usual 
good condition. 

Xgeje.. Ho noose were noted In reports reoelred 
for the month of Mar*. 

Hangers Henry Jiderson and 
Court Dewing pet In moot of their time daring the month hunt- 
ing oarniworous animals, ueing for the purpose firearms, 
trepe end poison* Dewing killed 8 coyotes, 1 wolf, end 2 
foxes, in the territory en the northeast seetion of the park. 
Anderson killed 1 eoyoto and eight wolves, (7 of then yens; 
paps taken from dens) in the Blaoktail District, Ranger 
Harr killed two coyotes near rower Tails* Bpeolal efforts 
will be made during April to leeate and destroy a few more 
woItos that hare been in evidence in the Blaaktail snf 
Falls districts. 

g y«f«n»- Grass was noted to>be growing In bare 
places at the lower altitudes en March 19th 9 but has not 
grown in sufficient snount to rellere the shortage of forage 
to any appreciable extent. 


inter birds were in eridenoe, including ducks, 
crows, nsgplcs, •*gl«t eparrows. Claries crows and ousels. 
There are 20 to 90 trorapter swans wintering in the outlet 
of Yellowstone Lake where there is constantly open water; 
also 2 wintering en Lewis Hirer near the bridge, and 2 on 
leehler Iilrer. In addition to those wintering here, new- 
eeners appeared aa follows: Mallards and rosy finches, 
March 6th; nutcrackers, isveh 7th* horned larks, March 12th* 
Birds wintering along the Gardiner Hirer begem to leare 
winter quarters; dippers, or water ousels, March **; Barrow 
golden-eye. March 10th. Migratory birds first appeared, 
intermediate Junoo, Marsh 12th; killdecr plow. March lBth; 
red-wing blackbird, laareh 13th; pink-sided Junoo, March 19th| 
ilson snipe, March 20th| also robin; bluebird, March ?lst, 
fire days later; red-tail hawk, March 51st. 

Miscellaneous notes on park ani als, indicating 
seasonal changes: It became noticeable on March 13th that 
the elk on the feeding grounds were getting fewer. On March 
19th, elk horns began to fall freely. Mountain sheep begem 
to shed their wool, March 15th. On March 12 th, the horn butts 
on male deer fawns began to swell; and ten days later on the 
old bucks. March 25th, the last mule deer cast his horns. 
March 17th, woodohuoks cane out again, after their first 
appearance on February 5th; ground squirrels appeared on the 
sens date, the 17th. 


Sme of those seasonal mrtfmnts ^ero early, but 
the Majority wer© late. Reckoning from theee data the sea 
Is tedjtf ton days later than the average* 


tfishix^ has been good In Gardiner Hirer below the 
Haanoth Hot Springs, and was enjoyed by residents* 

P ff^t^atio n of flams* 

$he usual patrols were aada during the month in 
the interests of game protection. One ranger patrolled the 
Gallatin Qmm Preserve adjoining the park on the north* Jnat 
vest of the Yellowstone Biver. Sorest Baflgere patrolled the 
Ahsarote Hatienal Forest to movent peaehiug among the elk 
that are wintering outside of the park* 

Arrests p pj nekton* of the 1»» 

Ho arrests were znad*. On two oooasions evidence 
was noted that indicated that some of the boys lining at 
Headquarters were asking a practice of hunting elk teeth, art 
it even looted as if thoy had palled the teeth of elk that 
were not dead bat about to die, fhey were asssmbled and 
given a good lecture, and their parents notified that the 
boys would hare to obey the park rules carefully or suffer 
the eoaaesaenoes provided by the regulations, and no farther 
trouble was given by them. 

So accidents were reported during the a»nth« 

She following persons visited the park on asocial 

Hiss Elisabeth toisehman, of the Park Curio Stop, 
and her father, returned to the park on March 10th, from several 
weeks* absence, 

A post office inspector visited the park officially 
on March 11th. 

Mr, fg II, Klefcols, of the Yellowstone Park 1?rana- 
portatton Company and Hotel Cowpawy, visited the var* March 
3 to 6, and made arrangements for beginning work in the 
Qonpany's automobile shop* Several meohanies followed on 

the 16th. 


Mr* Howard Hays, of the Yellowstone Park Canada 
Company, visited tha park in connection with the development 
work at Manoth Camp am March 16-17, and again en March £3-25, 

M9*toM - totvurei* 

She only notion picture representative in the park 
during the month of liarch was Hr* J* A. Ramsey, representing 
1ST. C. 1* Chester , of 120 • 41st St*, Hew York, who oarae in 
on the 12th and is still here* iKr* Ramsey has bean engaged 
in getting good motion pictures of wild animals and tha taae 
buffalo and expects to visit the geyser basins and the grand 
Canyon soon* Mr* Chestsr f s permit is not 

Frm picture shows were held weakly, 
in the Post ftxehange auditorium, for the benefit of park em- 
ployees ami the residents of Gardiner, the espouses being paid 
through a cooperative arrangement* 

Christian Science services were held every Sunday 
afternoon* Regular church services were omitted during tha 
month, as tto Rev* Pritcfaard, who supplies them, was on 


The usual report of monies collected, due and trans- 
mitted, on tha regular blank forms, is inclosed herewith, to- 
Kther with money orders and draft for the amount remitted, - 
26*70* i lease acknowledge receipt* 

Cordially yours, 

■m a MMur 

la ting Superintendent. 

fhe Director, 
national i ark Service, 
Department of the Interior, 
Washington, D* C* 




Address correspondence to 
"Official in Charge" 



Yellowstone Park, T .7yo • , Msxe April 1, 1920. 

RCH, 1920, 

■The most remarkable feature of the month's weather was the 
cold wave of the 5th- 6th, with a minimum temperature of 25" below 
zero on the morning of the 6th. This is the lowest March temperature 
of record during 33 years; the previous lowest, -24" , was recorded 
in 1906. The temperature as a whole averaged C below normal. 

The total snowfall was 20.0 inches, or a little more than the 
average March. There were 17 days with a measui able amount of 
sonw, and the record shows but one March with a greater number of 
days with snow, that being 18 days in 1907. 

The total wind movement was slightly below normal, but 
maximum velocity of 40 miles per hour recorded on the 30th, has 
hs± been exceeded but once in March, but it has been equal three 

The sunshine was deficient, being only 45^, of/the possible. 

E. E. Fletcher,